Choosing Different Roof Types
When choosing a roofing material, look at the various aspects of each option. How heavy is the material; will it require reinforcement of your home’s structure? Is the material available in styles and colors that complement the home? Does the material meet fire codes in the area? What kind of maintenance does it require? Finally, what is the cost, lifespan, and warranty?
In the United States, asphalt shingles are the most commonly used roofing materials. They are economical, simple to install, and can be reinforced with cellulose or fiberglass. The pros of asphalt shingles include their variety of colors, wide availability, and low cost. On the other hand, they have a shorter lifespan than many other types of roofing materials.
Types of Roofing Materials Include Clay and Concrete Tiles
Clay and concrete tiles add elegance and texture to a roof. Flat, scalloped, or ribbed clay tiles are durable but also very heavy. A professional must install them. Concrete tiles are more versatile and less expensive than clay, but are still a heavy roofing material. Tile roofs are long-lasting and non-combustible. The cons are that tiles are expensive, heavy, and may need structural support.
For resistance to extreme weather conditions, look to metal roofing. Of the different types of roofing materials, metal stands out for being sleek, long-lasting, lightweight, recyclable, and useful in rainwater harvesting. Metal roofing is typically available in two types: shingles and panels; and in four metals: copper, stainless steel, aluminum, and zinc. Metal roofs generally last longer than wood or asphalt. The disadvantage is the relatively expensive price.
Wood Shakes and Shingles as Types of Roofing Materials
Many homeowners love the appearance of wooden roofing. Wood has been a popular roofing option for hundreds of years. Wood shakes have rough edges, while shingles’ edges are straight. They offer a rustic look and are generally cut from southern pine, redwood, or cedar. Unfortunately, some areas have fire codes prohibiting their use. They don’t always perform well in wet climates, where they may split, rot, or grow mold.